lunes, 15 de noviembre de 2010

Rut la Moabita - Ruth



Rut

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Rut en el campo de Booz.
Para Rol único tributario (Chile), véase RUT.
Para otros usos del nombre propio, véase Ruth.
Rut o Ruth es un personaje bíblico que aparece en el libro que recibe su nombre (Libro de Rut). Su nombre significa compañera. El libro de Rut, es el octavo de la Biblia y uno de los más cortos. La moabita, con quien se casó Mahlón después de morir su padre Elimélec. Mahlón, su madre Noemí y su hermano Kilión vivían en Moab. Un hambre obligó a la familia a abandonar Belén de Judá, su ciudad natal. Kilión, el cuñado de Rut, se casó con Orpá, otra moabita. Con el tiempo, los dos hermanos murieron, y las dejaron viudas y sin hijos. Al enterarse de que Yahveh había vuelto a manifestar su favor a Israel, Noemí emprendió viaje de regreso a Judá acompañada por sus dos nueras. (Rut 1:1-7; 4:9, 10.)
Rut era de origen moabita, pero casada con un israelita que se expatria huyendo de la miseria.
Es nuera de Noemí, ya viudas, ambas están en la miseria. Regresan juntas a Canaán. Rut rebusca en lo que deshechan los cosechadores y va a parar al campo de Booz en Belén. A instancias de su suegra, Rut se acuesta a los pies de Booz, quien la toma por esposa y reúne todo lo que fue de Elimelec, marido de Noemí.
Se la cuenta en la genealogía de Jesús, según el Evangelio de San Lucas. Según el libro de Rut era la bisabuela del Rey David, el libro termina precisamente con una genealogía que acaba en él.
En la Edad Media se vio a Rut como prefiguración de la Iglesia y a Booz como prefiguración de Cristo, y la unión de ambos como prefiguración de la unión entre Cristo y la Iglesia.

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Ruth (biblical figure)

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Ruth (Hebrew: רוּת‎, Modern Rut Tiberian Rūθ), is the main character[1] in the Book of Ruth in the Hebrew Bible.

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[edit] Biblical narrative

Ruth was a Moabitess, who married Mahlon, the son of Elimelech and Naomi, but Elimelech and his two sons died. When Naomi decided to return to Bethlehem, Ruth went with her, and although Orpah, Naomi's other daughter-in-law went back home, Ruth said
Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and me. (Ruth 1:16-17, KJV)
Ruth went to glean in the fields, where she met Boaz. She came to him later, at night, and asked him to marry her. Boaz indicates his desire to do so, and calls Ruth a "woman of noble character" (NIV), which is the same phrase used in Proverbs 31. After overcoming the obstacle of having a relative with a prior claim, Boaz married Ruth, and they have a son, named Obed. The genealogy in the final chapter of the book explains how Ruth became the great-grandmother of David. She is also thus the ancestor of Jesus, and is one of the four women mentioned in the genealogy of Matthew 1.

[edit] Character

Katherine D. Sakenfeld argues that Ruth is a model of loving-kindness (hesed): she acts in ways that promote the well-being of others.[2] In Ruth 1:8-18, she demonstrated hesed by not going back to Moab but accompanying her mother-in-law to a foreign land. She chose to glean, despite the danger she faced in the field (Ruth 2:15) and the lower social status of the job. Finally, Ruth agrees with Naomi’s plan to marry Boaz, even though she was free of family obligations, once again demonstrating her loyalty and obedience (Ruth 3:10).
Barry Webb argues that in the book, Ruth plays a key role in Naomi's rehabilitation.[3]

[edit] Jewish perspective

The figure of Ruth is celebrated as a convert to Judaism who understood Jewish principles and took them to heart. Ruth is also held in esteem by converts to Judaism. Ruth is also considered the foremother of the Jewish Messiah and the great grandmother of David.

[edit] Christian perspective

The connection between Ruth and David is very important because Jesus was born of Mary, betrothed to Joseph of the lineage of David. Thus in Christian lineage, Ruth is a foremother of Jesus.
Ruth is commemorated as a matriarch in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod on July 16.

[edit] Other perspectives

Ruth is one of the Five Heroines of the Order of the Eastern Star.

[edit] References

  1. ^ Gregory Goswell, "What's in a Name? Book Titles in the Latter Prophets and Writings," Pacfica 21 (2008), 8.
  2. ^ Katherine D. Sakenfeld, Ruth (Louisville: John Knox Press, 1999), 11-12.
  3. ^ Barry G. Webb, Five Festal Garments (Leicester: Apollos, 2000), 43.
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